The road was built by Pope Sixtus V to unite Trinità dei Monti with the basilica of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. It is part of the ancient Strada Felice that continued with via delle Quattro Fontane. It was soon flanked by magnificent palazzi, particularly because the pope offered certain privileges to those who built in the area. Great artists like Piranesi, Thorwaldsen and Gogol lived here in the 17th century. Today, the street is home to the Teatro Sistina which offers a wide range of operas and musicals each season.